Learning Retention Pyramid, based on Bloom’s taxonomy.
Active learning is above, passive learning below
Active learning is a student centered approach in which the responsibility for learning is placed upon the student, often working in collaboration with classmates. In active learning teachers are facilitators rather than one-way providers of information. The presentation of facts, so often introduced through lectures, is deemphasized in favor of class discussion, problem solving, cooperative learning, and writing exercises (graded and ungraded).
Most important of all, active learning transforms students from passive listeners to active participants and helps students understand the subject in depth through inquiry, gathering and analyzing data to solving higher order cognitive problems.
Examples of Active Learning Activities
• Think Pair Share: students ponder the answer to a question and then share their thoughts with a neighbor.
• Peer Review: students review and comment on materials written by their classmates.
• Discussion: promoting a successful discussion depends on correctly framing questions. Discover tips for framing discussion questions to promote higher order thinking.
• Role Playing: students look at the topic from the perspective of a character, who will affect and be affected by a chosen topic.
• Problem solving using real data: students use a variety of data to explore real-world problems.
• Just in Time Teaching: students read assigned material outside of class, respond to short questions, then participate in collaborative exercises the following class period.
• Game-Based Learning: uses competitive exercises, either pitting the students against each other or through computer simulations.